3 Jan 2016

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Active Passive Grammar Rules For SSC CGL Tier 2

SSC CGL Active and Passive Voice Rules and Tricks Short Notes:

Active voice
: In active sentences, the subject is active or the subject performs the actions.
e.g. The cow (Subject) is eating (Verb) grass (Object).—Active Voice

Passive voice: In passive sentences, the subject is no longer active or the subject is acted upon by the verb
e.g. Grass (Subject) is being eaten (Verb) by the cow (Object).—Passive Voice

Active and passive voice, rules, examples for SSC CGL

Active and passive voice with tenses:

Simple Present Tense
is,am,are+3rd verb
Active VoicePassive Voice
He lights the candle.The candle is lighted by him.
He does not light the candle.The candle is not lighted by him.
Do you eat meat?Is meat eaten by you?
Present Continuous Tense
is,am,are+being+3rd verb
Active VoicePassive Voice
I am driving a car.A car is being driven by me.
I am not driving a car.A car is not being driven by me.
Am I driving a car?Is a car being driven by me?
Present Perfect Tense
has,have+been+3rd verb
Active VoicePassive Voice
She has stolen my book.My book has been stolen by her.
She has not stolen my book.My book has been stolen by her.
Has she stolen my book?Has my book been stolen by her?
Simple Past Tense
was,were+3rd verb
Active VoicePassive Voice
She finished work.Work was finished by her.
She did not finish work.Work was not finished by her.
Did she finish work?Was work finished by her?
Past Continuous Tense
was,were+being+3rd verb
Active VoicePassive Voice
He was revising his books.His books were being revised by him.
He was not revising his books.His books were not revising by him.
Was he revising his books?Were his books revising by him?
Past Perfect Tense
had+been+3rd verb
Active VoicePassive Voice
I had completed the assignment.The assignment had been completed by me.
I had not completed the assignment.The assignment had not been completed by me.
Had I completed the assignment?Had the assignment been completed by me?
Simple Future Tense
will,shall+be+3rd verb
Active VoicePassive Voice
My uncle will pay my tuition fee.My tuition fee will be paid by my uncle.
My uncle will not pay my tuition fee.My tuition fee will not be paid by my uncle.
Will my uncle pay my tuition fee?Will my tuition fee be paid by my uncle?
Future Perfect Tense
will, shall+ have been+3rd verb
Active VoicePassive Voice
We shall have done our home-work.Our home -work shall have been done by us.
We shall not have done our home-work.Our home -work shall not have been done by us.
Shall We have done our home –work?Shall our home -work have been done by us?

Note: In Present perfect continuous tense, Past perfect continuous tense, Future perfect continuous tense, Future perfect tense, we use the same sentence in passive voice. It means these tense cannot be changed in passive form.

Active and passive voice with modals


SSC CGL Active and Passive:
ModalsAuxiliary Verb in Passive VoiceActive VoicePassive Voice
Can/ CouldCan/Could+ be+ 3rd verbI can solve these sums.These sums can be solved by me.
I cannot solve these sums.These sums cannot be solved by me.
Can I solve these sums?Can these sums be solved by me?
Has to/ Have toHas to/ Have to+3rd verbHe has to complete his assignment.His assignment has to be completed by him?
MustMust+3rd verbYou must learn this book.This book must be learnt by you.
Maymay+be+3rd verbI may buy the book.The book may be bought by me.
Mightmight+ be+ 3rd VerbThey might play chess.Chess might be played by them.
Shouldshould+ be+3rd verbStudents should learn all lessons.All lessons should be learnt by students.

Active and passive voice with Imperative Sentences


These are the sentences in which we express our feeling and emotions like command, order, advice, and request.

Rules

1. Lets + new object + be/Not be +past participle or 3rd form.

2. For sentences containing, Request, advice and order, we will use you are Requested to, advised to and ordered to.

Note: Always remove please and kind if they are given in the sentence.

Active VoicePassive Voice
Shut the door.Let the door be shut.
Post the letter at once.Let the letter be posted at once.
Always speak the truth.Let the truth always be spoken.
Do not starve the cow.Let the cow not be starved.
Let him help his brother.Let his brother be helped by him.
Clean your room.Let your room be cleaned.
Learn your lesson.Let your lesson be learnt.
Please do me a favor tonightYou are requested to do me a favor tonight.
Get out of my house.You are ordered to get out of mu house.
Kindly do not smoke in public place.You are requested not to smoke in public place

To make passive voice, first of all you have to use following rules.

1.Change the object into subject. If in object, we have a pronoun of object case convert that by following rules:
meI
YouYou
herShe
themThey
usWe
himHe
itIt
whomWho


2. Change the subject into object. And use by before the object. If in subject, we have a pronoun of nominative case convert that by the following rules.SSC CGL Active and Passive Voice:
Iby me
Youby you
Sheby her
Theyby them
Weby us
Heby him
Itby it
Whoby whom


Some basic rules of active voice and voice are given below
  • First of all, find subject, object and the main verb it means find SVO .

  • Convert the object into subject.

  • Use the suitable helping verb or auxiliary verb according to the tense. If helping verb is given, use verb as it is. But note that the helping verb used should be according to the object.

  • Convert the verb into past participle or 3rd form of the verb.

  • Use the preposition “by”.

  • Convert the subject into object.
SSC CGL 2016 Active and Passive Voice

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